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    Ladies liberated Europe in the eyes of Russian soldiers and officers (1944-1945 gg.)

    In the development of the theme and in addition to the paper Lena Sieniawska "The Red Army in Europe in 1945: an old and new patterns of perception in Russia and in the West", posted on the website May 10, 2012, we offer our readers the latest article of the same creator, placed in the magazine "Proceedings of the Petrozavodsk municipal university," May, 2012. Number 3 (124). Pp. 13-19.

     

     

    Women are liberated Europe through the eyes of Soviet soldiers and officers (1944-1945 gg.)At the end with a step majestically Russian war, liberating the occupied Germans and their satellites of the Soviet countryside and pursuing the retreating enemy army ran across the reddish municipal borders of the USSR. From now begun its triumphant way for Europe — and those 6 years of languishing under the Nazi occupation, and those who have spoken in this war ally of the III Reich, and most areas of Nazi Germany. During this promotion to the West and the inevitable various contacts with the local population, Russian servicemen had never happens outside their own country, have received a lot of new, very contradictory memories of the members of other nations and cultures, of which evolved in the upcoming ethnopsychological stereotypes of them Europeans . In the middle of these memories important place occupied by the images of European ladies. Mentions, and even detailed stories about them can be found in the letters and diaries, memoirs on the pages of many participants in the war, where most of the alternate lyric and mercantile evaluation and intonation.

    The first European country in which in August 1944 entered Reddish Army, was Romania. In "Notes on the War" war poet Boris Slutsky, we find a very frank line: "A sudden, almost collide at sea, reveals Constanta. It is almost identical to the average dream of happiness and the "post-war". Restaurants. Bathrooms. Bed linen with an unblemished. Stalls with reptilian traders. And — ladies dressed ladies of the town — girls in Europe — the first tribute, taken us to the losers … "[1] Then he describes his first memories of" abroad ":" European hair salons, where lather your fingers and do not wash the brushes, lack of baths, washing of the pelvis, "which at first gryazyuka with it remains, and later face wash", duvets instead of blankets — out of disgust caused by everyday life, made immediate generalization … In Constanta we first met the brothels … first of our ecstasies before the fact of the existence of free love pass swiftly. Affects not only the horror of infection before and overhead, and contempt for the very ability to buy … Many people were proud of true stories such as: Romanian husband complained to the commandant that our officer has not paid his wife concerted half thousand lei. We all had a clear conscience: "It Can not Happen" … For sure, our soldiers will be remembered as the country of Romania syphilitic … "[2]. And concludes that it is in Romania, this European backwater, "our fighter is most felt his elevation over Europe" [3].

    Another Russian officer, Air Force Lt. Col. Theodore Smolnikov September 17, 1944 wrote in his diary recollections of Bucharest, "Ambassador Hotel, restaurant, first floor. I can see how the audience walks idle, it has nothing to do, she waits. Staring at me as unique. "Russian officer!" I'm very shy dressed, more than timid. Let them. We'll still be in Budapest. This is as well as what I have in Bucharest. The upscale restaurant. The audience dressed, most beautiful Romanian woman climb eyes defiantly {Here and further highlighted the creator of Article}. We spend the night in an upscale hotel. Seething streets of the capital. There is no music, the audience expects. The capital, devil take it! I will not give in advertising … "[4]

    In Hungary, the Russian army faced not only with the armed opposition, and with the dangerous blows to the back part of the population when 'killed on farms and intoxicated individuals stragglers "and drowned in silos. But "women are not so perverse as Romanian woman gave way easily to be ashamed of … A little love, a little debauchery, and most of all, of course, has promoted fear" [5]. Citing the words of the 1st Hungarian lawyer, "Very well, so that the Russian adore children. Too bad they are so adored by women, "Boris Slutsky says:" It does not take into account that women also adored the Russian Hungarian, which, together with the dark horror Spreading knees matrons and mothers of families were desperate affection and tenderness of women soldiers', to give the killers their husbands "[6].

    Gregory wins and in his own memoirs, described such a case in Hungary. His unit is housed in one location. Owners of the house, where he placed himself with the soldiers, during a party "under the influence of Russian vodka relaxed and admitted that they are hiding in the attic of his daughter." Russian officers were indignant: "Who do you think we are? We are not fascists! ". "The owners were ashamed, and soon the table appeared gaunt girl named Marika, who grudgingly accepted to food. Later, the master, she began to flirt and even ask us questions … By the end of dinner, all were set up favorably and drank "borotshaz" (friendship). Marika realized that toast really very straightforward. When we went to bed, she came into my room at the bottom of a shirt. I am a Russian officer immediately realized: preparing a provocation. "They expect me to stumble on beauty Marika, and would lift noise. But I will not give in to provocation "- I thought about it. What a beauty Marika did not entice me — I showed her the door.

    On the subsequent morning hostess, putting food on the table, crockery rattled. "Nervous. Failed provocation "- I loaf. I shared this idea with our Hungarian translator. He burst out laughing.

    - It's not a provocation! For you have expressed a friendly accommodation, and you ignored them. Now you in this house for a man not think so. For you have to cross to another apartment!

    - And what are they hiding in the attic of a daughter?

    - They feared violence. We decided that the woman, before enter into marriage with the approval of the parents can experience intimacy with many men. We said: cat in a bag tied in no gain … "[7]

    In young, healthy on a physical level, the guys had a natural attraction to the ladies. But the ease of the European character of any of corrupting the Russian fighters, and anyone, however, assured that the matter should not be limited to the normal physiology. Sergeant Alexander Rodin recorded his memories of visiting — out of curiosity! — Public house in Budapest, where he was part of for a while after the war: "… After leaving there was vile, shameful feeling of heresy and hypocrisy, the head of the pattern was not obvious, outright hypocrisy ladies … It is interesting that a similar nasty aftertaste of the public visiting the house was not just me, a young boy, brought up to the same on the principles of the "do not give a kiss without love, and most of our soldier, who had to talk … At about the same days are I had to talk to one krasivenko Magyar (she somehow knew the Russian language). When she asked whether I liked in Budapest, I replied that I liked, but that's confused public house.
    "But — why?" — Asked the woman. Since it is not natural, wild, — explained to me: — a woman takes money, and after that, here he begins to "love!" Woman loaf some time later nodded and said, "You're right: to take money ahead ugly" … "[8]

    Other memories left about yourself Poland. According to the poet David Samoilov, "… in Poland kept us in severity. From the location of escape was difficult. A prank angrily punished "[9]. And this brings memories of the country, where the only positive thing acted beauty of Polish women. "I can not say that Poland is very attracted to us — he wrote. — Then it did not occur to me nothing noble and chivalrous. On the contrary, it was middle-class, Khutoryanskaya — and the concepts and interests. Oh, and for us in eastern Poland and poluvrazhdebno watched warily, trying to grab as liberators, that can be. In general, ladies were beautiful and comforting flirtatious, they captivated us manners, speech coo, where everything suddenly became clear, and bringing into captivity themselves sometimes gruff male power or a soldier's uniform. And palely emaciated their former fans, gritting his teeth, until the time left in the shade … "[10].

    But not all of the estimates of the Polish ladies looked so romantic. October 22, 1944 Lieutenant Vladimir Gelfand wrote in his diary: "In the distance loomed I left the city with the Polish title [Vladov] with beautiful Polish girl, proud to disgust. … I knew of Polish women: those lured our soldiers and officers in his arms, and when it came to bed, cut off the penises razor, strangled her hands behind larynx, scratched eye. Crazy, wild, nasty female! With them, you have to be careful and not get carried away by their beauty. A Polish woman beautiful merzavki "[11]. In general, there is in his writings and other mood. October 24, he captures such a meeting, "Today I companions to one of the villages were beautiful Polish woman-girl. They complained about the lack of women in Poland. Also called me a "Pan", but were inviolable. I am one of them patted gently on the shoulder, in response to her remark about the peasants, and comforted the idea of an open road for her in Russia — there are a lot of de Man. She hurried back to the side and said to my words, that here a man for her there. Goodbye handshake. So we have agreed and nice girl, though Polechka "[12]. A month later, on November 22, he recorded his memories of the first to meet him large Polish town of Minsk Mazowiecki, and in the midst of building the description of the beauty of it and hit the bike in all categories of the population pays special place townswomen: "Noisy idle weight, ladies, as one, in particular white-caps, apparently worn by the wind, which makes them similar to the 40 and hit his own novel. Men in the triangular hats in hats — thick, cautious, empty. How many of them! … Painted lips, penciled eyebrows, affectation, excessive delicacy. As it does not look like the natural life of a human. It seems that people will live and move specifically only for the sake of them looked at the others, and all will be lost when the last of the town will take the viewer … "[13]

    Not only Polish city woman, and rural women left about yourself strong, yet contradictory memory. "Amazed joyous Poles who survived the war and fears of German occupation, — says Alexander Rodin. — Sunday day in the Polish countryside. Beautiful, stylish, dresses in silk stockings and women polka, which in everyday life — ordinary peasant woman, shoveling manure, barefoot, tirelessly working on the farm. Older ladies also look fresh and young. Although there is a dark border around the eyes …"[14] Then he quotes his diary entry of November 5, 1944:" Sunday, residents of all spick and span. Going to each other's homes. The men in fedoras hats, ties, jumpers. Ladies in silk dresses, the brightest, unworn stockings. Cheeked girl — "Panenka". Perfectly curled blonde hair … The fighters in the corner of the hut too busy. But who are astute will see that it is — a painful recovery. All raised loudly laugh, to show that they transcend it even does not hurt and is not jealous in any way. And what we are worse than them? Hell knows what happiness it — a peaceful life! It is absolutely not beheld it in the civilian world! "[15] His brother-sergeant Nikolai Nesterov on the same day wrote in his diary:" Today is a day off, Poles, well-dressed, going to the same hut and sits couples. Even as something not for yourself becomes. Did not I would be able to sit right? .. "[16]

    Where are ruthless in their own assessment of the "European manners," reminding "feast in time of plague", the soldiers Galina Yartseva. February 24, 1945 she wrote to her friend from the front: "… If I had the opportunity, can be used to send the magic was sending them trophy things. There is something. It would be our barefoot and naked. What I beheld the town, which guys and ladies. And looking at them, you hold of such evil, such hatred! Walk, love, live, and they go and liberate. They laugh at the Russian — "Swine!" Yes, yes! Bastards … I do not like anyone, except the USSR, not counting those people who live with us. Do not believe in any friendship with the Poles and Lithuanians other … "[17].

    In Austria, where Russian troops stormed the spring of 1945, they faced the "rampant surrender": "Entire villages oglavlyalis crisp white cloths. The old lady lifted up his hands at a meeting with a man in a Red Army uniform ". [18] It was here, according to B.Slutskogo, fighters "to Dorval blond women". With all of this "is not an Austrian were extremely inappeasable. The vast majority of peasant women to marry "spoiled." Soldiers vacationers feel themselves like in clover. In Vienna, our guide, bank bureaucrat wondered Russian assertiveness and impatience. He believed that chivalry is enough to achieve a wreath at all, it would be desirable "[19]. In other words, it was not only in horror, and some features of public mindset and standard of conduct.

    And in the end Germany. And ladies enemy — mothers, wives, daughters, sisters, who from 1941 to 1944-the year mocked the civilian population in the occupied areas of the USSR. What, then, they have seen the Russian military? The appearance of the German women going to the mass of refugees, described in his diary Vladimir Bogomolov: "Women — an old and young — in hats, scarves in a turban and a shed, like our women, dressed in coats with fur collars and scutching of unknown breed clothes . Many ladies are wearing dark glasses, not to squint from the cast of the May sun and that protect the face from wrinkles…"[20] Leo Kopelev recalled meeting with evacuees Allenstein BERLIN:" On the sidewalk, the two ladies. Zamudrennye hats, even at one with a veil. Benign coat themselves are smooth, sleek "[21]. And the soldiers led them to the address in the comments, "chicken", "turkey", "That would be a smooth …"

    How to behave when meeting with German women by Russian troops? In his report the deputy. Chief of the Head of the Political Directorate of the Red Army Shikin in the CPSU (b) G.F.Aleksandrovu on 30 April 1945 against a civilian population of Berlin to the personnel of the forces of the Red Army, said: "As soon as our troops occupy one or another area of the town, the inhabitants begin evenly to the streets, almost all of them have white armbands on their sleeves. When meeting with our troops, many ladies raise their hands up, sobbing and shaking with fear, but make sure that the soldiers and officers of the Red Army's totally not the same as it draws them fascist propaganda, the horror takes place rap
    idly, it's more and more much of the population to the streets and offers its services in every way trying to differentiate their priklnnoe related to the Red Army ". [22]

    The greatest memory on the favorites made humility and prudence of the German women. In this connection it should lead story N.A.Orlova mortar man, shocked the behavior of German women in 1945: "No one in minbate Germans did not kill civilians. Our NKVD was "Germanophile." If this happens, the reaction of the secret police for a similar excess would be frisky. The violence of the German ladies. It seems to me that some, talking about the phenomenon, the small "exaggerate." I have the memory of an example of a different kind. We went to a German city, housed in homes. There is a "Frau", about 45 years old and asks "ger commandant." Led her to Marchenko. She claims it is responsible for the quarter and collected 20 German for sexy ladies (!) Service Russian fighter. Marchenko was aware of the German language, and who was standing next to me commissar Dolgoborodovu I translated the meaning of the spoken German. The reaction of our officers was abusive and violent. German woman drove off with her ready for service "detachment." In general the German submissive us stunned. Expected from the Germans guerrilla warfare, sabotage. But this order of civilization — "Ordnung" — are most important. If you have a favorite — they are "on their hind legs", while deliberately and not forced. That's the psychology … "[23].

    A similar incident leads to its own military notes David Samoilov, "In Arendsfelde where we had just settled down, was a little weight women with kids. They chaired the tremendous whiskered germanka fifties — Frau Friedrich. She said it is a representative of the civilian population, and requests to register the remaining inhabitants. We are told that it can be done, as will the commandant.

    - This is unrealistic — Frau Friedrich said. — Here ladies and kids. They need to be registered.

    The civilian population and cry tears confirmed her words.

    Not knowing what to do, I suggested they take a house's basement, where we settled. And they quieted down to the basement and began to settle there in anticipation of the authorities.

    - Herr Commissioner — good-naturedly said to me Frau Friedrich (I was wearing a leather jacket). — We are aware that there are small fighter needs. They are ready — continued Frau Friedrich — to provide them with some ladies for younger …

    I did not continue the conversation with Frau Friedrich "[24].

    After talking to a citizen of Berlin 2 May 1945 Vladimir Bogomolov wrote in his diary: "We go to one of the surviving buildings. All is quiet, dead. Knock, ask to open. One can hear that in the hallway whispering and muffled chatter excitedly. In the end door opening. Tangled tight fit without the age group of ladies frightened, smallish and bowing obsequiously. German ladies are afraid of us, they were that Russian fighters, especially Asians, they will rape and kill … Fear, and hatred on their faces. But at times it seems that they like to be defeated — so helpful to their behavior, their grins sweetly and sweet words. In these days of run stories about how our warrior went to a German apartment, asked for a drink, and germanka, just caught sight of him, lay down on the sofa and pulled tights "[25].

    "All Germans are vicious. They have nothing against the fact that sleeping with them "[26] — a world existed in the Russian army and was reinforced not only many nice examples, and their nasty consequences, which soon found military doctors.

    Directive of the Military Council of the 1st Belorussian Front number 00343 / N of 15 April 1945 said: "During my stay the enemy troops on the ground rose sharply cases of sexually transmitted diseases in the middle of the military. Investigating the circumstances of such provision indicates that among the Germans extensively vserasprostraneny venereal disease. Before the retreat of the Germans, as at present, on the area occupied by us and have started to artificial of infection with gonorrhea and syphilis German ladies in order to make more pockets for spread of sexually transmitted diseases in the middle of the Red Army soldiers"[27].

    The Military Council of the 47th Army April 26, 1945 reported that "… In March, the number of sexually transmitted diseases in the middle of the military has increased in comparison with February of this year four times. … The female part of the German population in the surveyed areas hit by 8-15%. There are cases where the enemy specifically retained unhealthy sexually transmitted diseases for women Germans soldiers of infection "[28].

    In order to implement the Resolution of the Military Council of the 1st Belorussian Front number 056 of 18 April 1945 on the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases in the Army 33th Army was released later leaflet read:

    "Comrades, soldiers!

    You lured Germans whose spouse walked all the public houses of Europe have been infected themselves and their own German women were infected.

    In front of you and those Germans who intentionally left enemies to spread venereal disease and this output soldiers of the Red Army out of action.

    We need to realize that our close victory over the enemy, and soon you'll be able to return to their families.

    What, then, will be to look into the eyes of my eyes close the one who will bring contagious disease?

    Can we, heroic warriors of the Red Army, to be a source of contagious diseases in our country? NO! For moral view of the Red Army fighters must be as clean as the sight of his homeland and family! "[29]

    Germans are most comfortable troubled question of food supply for the sake of it, they were ready to just about everything. For example, some MD Kalisturh in communicating with their staff on the case of the Red Army to the German population, said: "We can not hide the fact that I personally beheld poor attitude of some Russian fighter for our ladies, but I have read that the blame for this war, and the most the main thing is that our soldiers and especially the SS behaved in relation to Russian ladies even worse. — And there is no transition added — I was very disturbed by the food question … "[30].

    Even in the memoirs of Leo Kopeleva, angrily describing the violence and looting Russian troops in East Prussia, there are lines that reflect the other side of the "relationship" with the local population: "The story of the submission, servility, fawning Germans Behold, they say, what they are, for a loaf of bread, and the wives and daughters sold ". [31] Squeamish tone in which Kopelev transmits these "stories" suggests their unreliability. But they are confirmed by many sources.

    Vladimir Gelfand outlined in his diary his courtship of the German woman (recording is made within six months after the end of the war, October 26, 1945, but still very characteristic): "I wanted plenty to enjoy a good petting Margot — some kisses and hugs were not enough. Waiting for more, but did not dare to seek and insist. Mom was pleased with my girls. Of course! On the altar of trust and goodwill on the part of my family were brought candy and butter, sausage, German expensive cigarettes. Already half of these goods is enough to have the full reasons and the right to do anything with his daughter at the sight of my mother, and she will not say anything against it. For food now even more life and even that of a young and cute chuvstvennitsy the warm krosotka Margot "[32].

    Notable diary entries left Australian war correspondent Osmar White, who in 1944-1945. was in Europe in the ranks of the 3rd U.S. Army, under the command of George Paton. Here is wha
    t he wrote in Berlin in May 1945, almost a few days after the raid: "I walked through the night cabaret, starting with the" Femina "about Potsdammerplatts. It was a warm evening and mokrovaty. The air smelled of sewage and rotting corpses. Facade "Femina" was covered with pictures of naked futuristic nature and announcements in 4 languages. Dance hall and restaurant were filled with Russian, British and South American officers who accompanied the ladies (or hunting for them). A bottle of wine cost 25 bucks, hamburger horse meat and potatoes — $ 10, a pack of American cigarettes — an amazing 20 bucks. Cheeks Berlin ladies were narumyaneny and sponges are made up in such a way that it seemed like it Hitler had won the war. Many of the ladies were in silk stockings. Lady-hostess of the evening opened the concert in the German, Russian, British, and French. This provoked taunts from Russian artillery captain, who was sitting next to me. He leaned over to me and said to a respectable UK: "This high-spirited transition from the state to the international! Bombs RAF — a good doctor, is not it? "[33]

    The total memory of European ladies, formed in Russian servicemen — groomed and dressed (in comparison to the war-torn half-starved compatriots in the rear, on the liberated lands, well dressed in a faded shirt front-line friends) available, greedy, cowardly, or loose devotees. Exceptions were Yugoslav and grinders. Formidable and ascetic Yugoslav guerrillas were perceived as comrades-in-arms, and were considered untouchable. And taking into account the severity of the characters in the Yugoslav army, the "guerrilla girls, for sure, looking at the LVP [outdoorsy field wives], as being special, vile class" [34]. About The Bulgarian Boris Slutsky remembered this: "… After the Ukrainian geniality, after the Romanian debauchery formidable inaccessibility Bulgarian'll hit our people. Virtually no one boasted victories. It was the only country where the officers on the parade accompanied the men very often, almost never — the ladies. Later, the Bulgarians were proud when they know what they are going to go back to Russia Bulgaria for their wives — the only ones in the world, which remained untainted and intact "[35].

    Afterglow left about yourself Czech krosotki, encouraging meets Russian soldiers-liberators. Embarrassed tankers covered with butter and dust of combat vehicles, crowned with wreaths and flowers, a voice among themselves: "… Something tank wife to be put away. And their girls, know for myself, fasten. Good people. Such spiritual people have long not seen … "The friendliness and hospitality of the Czechs was sincere. "… — If only it were possible, I would have kissed all the soldiers and officers of the Red Army for the fact that they let my Prague — a total of praise and friendly laughter uttered the Prague tram worker …" [36] — described the atmosphere of the newly freed Czech capital and the mood of local residents 11 May 1945 Boris Polevoy.

    But in other countries through which the army passed the favorites, the female part of the population did not cause a reverence for itself. "In Europe, the lady gave up all changed earlier … — wrote B.Slutsky. — I have always been terrific, baffled, disoriented lightness, ease shameful to love relationships. Decent ladies, of course, disinterested, were like prostitutes — hasty availability, eagerness to avoid crotch steps to uninteresting reasons, a man pushing a rapprochement with them. Like humans, all of the lexicon of love lyrics Learn about the three obscene words, they drove the whole thing to a few body movements, causing resentment and contempt in the most inexperienced of our officers … Constraining motives were not entirely ethics and fear of contracting, the horror of publicity, pre-pregnancy " [37] — and added that in the criteria for the conquest of "universal depravity covered and hid the special women's depravity made it unobtrusive and nestydno" [38].

    In general, among the motives that contributed to the spread of "International Love", in spite of all prohibitions and orders formidable Russian command had a few more: a woman's curiosity about the "exotic" fancy man and unprecedented generosity of Russian sympathies to the object of their own, profitable distinguish them from the niggardly European guys.

    Lieutenant Daniel Zlatkin at the very end of the war was in Denmark on the peninsula of Bornholm. In his own interview, he said that the enthusiasm of Russian and European guys give each other was mutual: "We beheld the ladies, and it was necessary … and when to Denmark came … it's free, please. They want to test, to test, to test the Russian people, what really it is, how it came out and it seemed better than the Danes. Why? We were unselfish and kind … I gave a box of chocolates in polstola, I gave 100 roses strange lady … to the days of birth … "[39]

    If all this is not enough who thought of the harsh relationship, marriage, due to the fact that the Russian administration signaled its true position in this matter. The judgment of the Military Council of the 4th Ukrainian Front on April 12, 1945 stated: "1. Explain to all officers and all personnel of the troops that marriage to foreign women is illegal and strictly prohibited. 2. All cases of soldiers coming into the marriage with foreign women, as well as the links of our people with the aggressive elements of foreign countries to inform immediately the command to verbovaniya guilty shall be responsible for the loss of care and violation of Russian law "[40]. Guideline Chief of Political Department of the 1st Belorussian Front on April 14, 1945 to say: "According to the chief of the Head of the Personnel NCO, in the address of the Center continues to receive statements from the officers of the army to authorize marriages with women of foreign countries (polkas, Bulgarians, Cheshkov etc.). These facts should be considered as blunting of care and blunting of patriotic emotion. Because you need a political education to direct attention to the most profound explanation of the inadmissibility of similar acts by officers of the Red Army. Explain the entire officer corps, did not realize the futility of such marriages, wedding on the unreasonableness of foreign women, right to direct interdiction, and not to allow any one of the first case "[41].

    And the ladies are not amused themselves with illusions regarding the objectives of their own admirers. "In early 1945, even the silly Hungarian peasant girl did not believe our promises. Evropeyanki were already aware of the fact that we forbid to marry foreign women, and suspected that there is a similar order also co-occur in a restaurant, cinema, etc. This did not prevent them adore our ladies' men, but appropriated this love purely "ouaydumny" [fleshly] character "[42] — wrote B.Slutsky.

    In general, it should be recognized that the image of European ladies, which was formed from the soldiers of the Red Army in 1944-1945., With very few exceptions, was very far from being a martyr figure with his hands shackled in chains, with the hope of stares from Russian Poster "Europe will be free!" 

     

     

    Notes

     
    [1] B. Slutsky Notes on the war. Poems and Ballads. St. Petersburg., 2000. S. 174.
    [2] Ibid. S. 46-48.
    [3] Ibid. S. 46-48.
    [4] Smolnikov FM We are at war! Diary war veteran. Letters from the Front. Moscow, 2000. S. 228-229.
    [5] B. Slutsky The decree. Op. S. 110, 107.
    [6] Ibid. S. 177.
    [7] Chukhray G. My war. M.: Method, 2001. S. 258-259.
    [8] Rodin A. Three thousand kilometers in sedle.Dnevniki. Moscow, 2000. S. 127.
    [9] D. Samoilov People 1st option. Of military briefs / / Aurora. 1990. Number 2. S. 67.
    [10] Ibid. S. 70-71.
    [11] Gelfand V. Diaries 1941-1946. h
    ttp://militera.lib.ru/db/gelfand_vn/05.html
    [12] Ibid.
    [13] Ibid.
    [14] Rodin A. Three thousand miles in the saddle. Diaries. Moscow, 2000. S. 110.
    [15] Ibid. S. 122-123.
    [16] Ibid. S. 123.
    [17] The Central Archives of the Ministry of Defense. F. 372. Op. 6570. D, 76. L. 86.
    [18] B. Slutsky The decree. Op. S. 125.
    [19] Ibid. S. 127-128.
    [20] Bogomolov VO Germany, Berlin. Spring 1945 / / Bogomolov VO My Life, Or you dreamed about me? .. M.: The magazine "Our contemporary», № № 10-12, 2005, № 1, 2006. http://militera.lib.ru/prose/russian/bogomolov_vo/03.html
    [21] Kopelev L. Keep forever. In the 2 books. Book 1: Parts 1-4. Moscow: Terra, 2004. Chap. 11. http://lib.rus.ec/b/137774/read # t15
    [22] Russian Municipal Archive of Social and Political History (further — RGASPI). F. 17. Op. 125. D. 321. L. 10-12.
    [23] In an interview N.A.Orlova on the website, "I remember." http://www.iremember.ru/minometchiki/orlov-naum-aronovich/stranitsa-6.html
    [24] D. Samoilov The decree. Op. S. 88.
    [25] Bogomolov VO My Life, Or you dreamed about me? .. / / Our contemporary. 2005. № № 10-12; 2006. Number 1. http://militera.lib.ru/prose/russian/bogomolov_vo/03.html
    [26] From Politdoneseniya with the completion of the personnel of the directive comrade. Stalin number 11072 from 20.04.1945, in the 185 Infantry Division. April 26, 1945, p. by: Bogomolov VO The decree. Op. http://militera.lib.ru/prose/russian/bogomolov_vo/02.html
    [27], p. by: Bogomolov VO The decree. Op. http://militera.lib.ru/prose/russian/bogomolov_vo/02.html
    [28] Ibid.
    [29] Ibid.
    [30] Municipal Archives Russian Federation. F. P-9401. Op. 2. D. 96. L.203.
    [31] Kopelev L. The decree. Op. Chap. 12. http://lib.rus.ec/b/137774/read # t15
    [32] Gelfand V. The decree. Op.
    [33] White Osmar. Conquerors' Road: An Eyewitness Account of Germany in 1945. Cambridge University Press, 2003 [1996]. XVII, 221 pp. http://www.argo.net.au/andre/osmarwhite.html
    [34] B. Slutsky The decree. Op. S. 99.
    [35] Ibid. S. 71.
    [36] Field B. The liberation of Prague / / From the Russian News … Journalism and sketches of the war years. 1941-1945. T. 2. 1943-1945. Moscow: Novosti Press Agency Publishing House, 1982. S. 439.
    [37] Ibid. S. 177-178.
    [38] Ibid. S. 180.
    [39] In an interview with D.F.Zlatkinym on June 16, 1997 / / Personal Archive.
    [40], p. by: Bogomolov VO The decree. Op. http://militera.lib.ru/prose/russian/bogomolov_vo/04.html
    [41] Ibid.
    [42] B. Slutsky The decree. Op. S. 180-181.

     

     

    This article was prepared with the support of Russian money Humanitarian Foundation, project number 11-01-00363a.
    In the design of a poster used Russian 1944 "Europe will be free". Painter V. Koretsky

     
     

    Ноябрь 6th, 2010 | Tags: , , , , | Category: Defense
     

    © Encyclopedia of safety


     








  •     Dr. Elke Scherstjanoi "Ein Rotarmist in Deutschland"
  •     Stern  "Von Siegern und Besiegten"
  •     Märkische Allgemeine  "Hinter den Kulissen"
  •     Das Erste /TV/ "Kulturreport"
  •     Berliner Zeitung  "Besatzer, Schöngeist, Nervensäge, Liebhaber"
  •     SR 2 KulturRadio  "Deutschland-Tagebuch 1945-1946. Aufzeichnungen eines Rotarmisten"
  •     Die Zeit  "Wodka, Schlendrian, Gewalt"
  •     Jüdische Allgemeine  "Aufzeichnungen im Feindesland"
  •     Mitteldeutsche Zeitung  "Ein rotes Herz in Uniform"
  •     Unveröffentlichte Kritik  "Aufzeichnungen eines Rotarmisten vom Umgang mit den Deutschen"
  •     Bild  "Auf Berlin, das Besiegte, spucke ich!"
  •     Das Buch von Gregor Thum "Traumland Osten. Deutsche Bilder vom östlichen Europa im 20. Jahrhundert"
  •     Flensborg Avis  "Set med en russisk officers øjne"
  •     Ostsee Zeitung  "Das Tagebuch des Rotarmisten"
  •     Leipziger Volkszeitung  "Das Glück lächelt uns also zu!"
  •     Passauer Neue Presse "Erinnerungspolitischer Gezeitenwechsel"
  •     Lübecker Nachrichten  "Das Kriegsende aus Sicht eines Rotarmisten"
  •     Lausitzer Rundschau  "Ich werde es erzählen"
  •     Leipzigs-Neue  "Rotarmisten und Deutsche"
  •     SWR2 Radio ART: Hörspiel
  •     Kulturation  "Tagebuchaufzeichnungen eines jungen Sowjetleutnants"
  •     Der Tagesspiegel  "Hier gibt es Mädchen"
  •     NDR  "Bücher Journal"
  •     Kulturportal  "Chronik"
  •     Sächsische Zeitung  "Bitterer Beigeschmack"
  •     Deutschlandradio Kultur  "Krieg und Kriegsende aus russischer Sicht"
  •     Berliner Zeitung  "Die Deutschen tragen alle weisse Armbinden"
  •     MDR  "Deutschland-Tagebuch eines Rotarmisten"
  •     Jüdisches Berlin  "Das Unvergessliche ist geschehen" / "Личные воспоминания"
  •     Süddeutsche Zeitung  "So dachten die Sieger"
  •     Financial Times Deutschland  "Aufzeichnungen aus den Kellerlöchern"
  •     Badisches Tagblatt  "Ehrliches Interesse oder narzisstische Selbstschau?"
  •     Freie Presse  "Ein Rotarmist in Berlin"
  •     Nordkurier/Usedom Kurier  "Aufzeichnungen eines Rotarmisten ungefiltert"
  •     Nordkurier  "Tagebuch, Briefe und Erinnerungen"
  •     Ostthüringer Zeitung  "An den Rand geschrieben"
  •     Potsdamer Neueste Nachrichten  "Hier gibt es Mädchen"
  •     NDR Info. Forum Zeitgeschichte "Features und Hintergründe"
  •     Deutschlandradio Kultur  "Politische Literatur. Lasse mir eine Dauerwelle machen"
  •     Konkret "Watching the krauts. Emigranten und internationale Beobachter schildern ihre Eindrücke aus Nachkriegsdeutschland"
  •     Dagens Nyheter  "Det oaendliga kriget"
  •     Utopie-kreativ  "Des jungen Leutnants Deutschland - Tagebuch"
  •     Neues Deutschland  "Berlin, Stunde Null"
  •     Webwecker-bielefeld  "Aufzeichnungen eines Rotarmisten"
  •     Südkurier  "Späte Entschädigung"
  •     Online Rezension  "Das kriegsende aus der Sicht eines Soldaten der Roten Armee"
  •     Saarbrücker Zeitung  "Erstmals: Das Tagebuch eines Rotarmisten"
  •     Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung  "Weder Brutalbesatzer noch ein Held"
  •     Thüringische Landeszeitung  "Vom Alltag im Land der Besiegten"
  •     Das Argument "Wladimir Gelfand: Deutschland-Tagebuch 1945-1946. Aufzeichnungen eines Rotarmisten"
  •     Deutschland Archiv: Zeitschrift für das vereinigte Deutschland  "Betrachtungen eines Aussenseiters"
  •     Neue Gesellschaft/Frankfurter Hefte  "Von Siegern und Besiegten"
  •     Deutsch-Russisches Museum Berlin-Karlshorst. Rezensionen
  •     Online Rezensionen. Die Literaturdatenbank
  •     Literaturkritik  "Ein siegreicher Rotarmist"
  •     RBB Kulturradio  "Ein Rotarmist in Berlin"
  •     Українська правда  "Нульовий варiант" для ветеранiв вiйни" / Комсомольская правда "Нулевой вариант" для ветеранов войны"
  •     Dagens Nyheter.  "Vladimir Gelfand. Tysk dagbok 1945-46"
  •     Ersatz  "Tysk dagbok 1945-46 av Vladimir Gelfand"
  •     Borås Tidning  "Vittnesmåil från krigets inferno"
  •     Sundsvall (ST)  "Solkig skildring av sovjetisk soldat frеn det besegrade Berlin"
  •     Helsingborgs Dagblad  "Krigsdagbok av privat natur"
  •     2006 Bradfor  "Conference on Contemporary German Literature"
  •     Spring-2005/2006 Foreign Rights, German Diary 1945-1946
  •     Flamman  "Dagbok kastar tvivel över våldtäktsmyten"
  •     Expressen  "Kamratliga kramar"
  •     Expressen Kultur  "Under våldets täckmantel"
  •     Lo Tidningen  "Krigets vardag i röda armén"
  •     Tuffnet Radio  "Är krigets våldtäkter en myt?"
  •     Norrköpings Tidningar  "En blick från andra sidan"
  •     Expressen Kultur  "Den enda vägens historia"
  •     Expressen Kultur  "Det totalitära arvet"
  •     Allehanda  "Rysk soldatdagbok om den grymma slutstriden"
  •     Ryska Posten  "Till försvar för fakta och anständighet"
  •     Hugin & Munin  "En rödarmist i Tyskland"
  •     Theater "Das deutsch-russische Soldatenwörtebuch" / Театр  "Русско-немецкий солдатский разговорник"
  •     SWR2 Radio "Journal am Mittag"
  •     Berliner Zeitung  "Dem Krieg den Krieg erklären"
  •     Die Tageszeitung  "Mach's noch einmal, Iwan!"
  •     The book of Paul Steege: "Black Market, Cold War: Everyday Life in Berlin, 1946-1949"
  •     Телеканал РТР "Культура":  "Русско-немецкий солдатский разговорник"
  •     Аргументы и факты  "Есть ли правда у войны?"
  •     RT "Russian-German soldier's phrase-book on stage in Moscow"
  •     Утро.ru  "Контурная карта великой войны"
  •     Телеканал РТР "Культура"  "Широкий формат с Ириной Лесовой"
  •     Museum Berlin-Karlshorst  "Das Haus in Karlshorst. Geschichte am Ort der Kapitulation"
  •     Das Buch von Roland Thimme: "Rote Fahnen über Potsdam 1933 - 1989: Lebenswege und Tagebücher"
  •     Das Buch von Bernd Vogenbeck, Juliane Tomann, Magda Abraham-Diefenbach: "Terra Transoderana: Zwischen Neumark und Ziemia Lubuska"
  •     Das Buch von Sven Reichardt & Malte Zierenberg: "Damals nach dem Krieg Eine Geschichte Deutschlands - 1945 bis 1949"
  •     Lothar Gall & Barbara Blessing: "Historische Zeitschrift Register zu Band 276 (2003) bis 285 (2007)"
  •     Kollektives Gedächtnis "Erinnerungen an meine Cousine Dora aus Königsberg"
  •     Das Buch von Ingeborg Jacobs: "Freiwild: Das Schicksal deutscher Frauen 1945" 
  •     Закон i Бiзнес "Двічі по двісті - суд честі"
  •     Радио Свобода "Красная армия. Встреча с Европой"
  •     DEP "Stupri sovietici in Germania /1944-45/"
  •     Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History "The Intelligentsia Meets the Enemy: Educated Soviet Officers in Defeated Germany, 1945"
  •     DAMALS "Deutschland-Tagebuch 1945-1946"
  •     Das Buch von Pauline de Bok: "Blankow oder Das Verlangen nach Heimat"
  •     Das Buch von Ingo von Münch: "Frau, komm!": die Massenvergewaltigungen deutscher Frauen und Mädchen 1944/45"
  •     Das Buch von Roland Thimme: "Schwarzmondnacht: Authentische Tagebücher berichten (1933-1953). Nazidiktatur - Sowjetische Besatzerwillkür"
  •     История государства  "Миф о миллионах изнасилованных немок"
  •     Das Buch Alexander Häusser, Gordian Maugg: "Hungerwinter: Deutschlands humanitäre Katastrophe 1946/47"
  •     Heinz Schilling: "Jahresberichte für deutsche Geschichte: Neue Folge. 60. Jahrgang 2008"
  •     Jan M. Piskorski "WYGNAŃCY: Migracje przymusowe i uchodźcy w dwudziestowiecznej Europie"
  •     Deutschlandradio "Heimat ist dort, wo kein Hass ist"
  •     Journal of Cold War Studies "Wladimir Gelfand, Deutschland-Tagebuch 1945–1946: Aufzeichnungen eines Rotarmisten"
  •     ЛЕХАИМ "Евреи на войне. Солдатские дневники"
  •     Частный Корреспондент "Победа благодаря и вопреки"
  •     Перспективы "Сексуальное насилие в годы Второй мировой войны: память, дискурс, орудие политики"
  •     Радиостанция Эхо Москвы & RTVi "Не так" с Олегом Будницким: Великая Отечественная - солдатские дневники"
  •     Books Llc "Person im Zweiten Weltkrieg /Sowjetunion/ Georgi Konstantinowitsch Schukow, Wladimir Gelfand, Pawel Alexejewitsch Rotmistrow"
  •     Das Buch von Jan Musekamp: "Zwischen Stettin und Szczecin - Metamorphosen einer Stadt von 1945 bis 2005"
  •     Encyclopedia of safety "Ladies liberated Europe in the eyes of Russian soldiers and officers (1944-1945 gg.)"
  •     Азовские греки "Павел Тасиц"
  •     Вестник РГГУ "Болезненная тема второй мировой войны: сексуальное насилие по обе стороны фронта"
  •     Das Buch von Jürgen W. Schmidt: "Als die Heimat zur Fremde wurde"
  •     ЛЕХАИМ "Евреи на войне: от советского к еврейскому?"
  •     Gedenkstätte/ Museum Seelower Höhen "Die Schlacht"
  •     The book of Frederick Taylor "Exorcising Hitler: The Occupation and Denazification of Germany"
  •     Огонёк "10 дневников одной войны"
  •     The book of Michael Jones "Total War: From Stalingrad to Berlin"
  •     Das Buch von Frederick Taylor "Zwischen Krieg und Frieden: Die Besetzung und Entnazifizierung Deutschlands 1944-1946"
  •     WordPress.com "Wie sind wir Westler alt und überklug - und sind jetzt doch Schmutz unter ihren Stiefeln"
  •     Åke Sandin "Är krigets våldtäkter en myt?"
  •     Олег Будницкий: "Архив еврейской истории" Том 6. "Дневники"
  •     Michael Jones: "El trasfondo humano de la guerra: con el ejército soviético de Stalingrado a Berlín"
  •     Das Buch von Jörg Baberowski: "Verbrannte Erde: Stalins Herrschaft der Gewalt"
  •     Zeitschrift fur Geschichtswissenschaft "Gewalt im Militar. Die Rote Armee im Zweiten Weltkrieg"
  •     Ersatz-[E-bok] "Tysk dagbok 1945-46"
  •     The book of Michael David-Fox, Peter Holquist, Alexander M. Martin: "Fascination and Enmity: Russia and Germany as Entangled Histories, 1914-1945"
  •     Елена Сенявская "Женщины освобождённой Европы глазами советских солдат и офицеров (1944-1945 гг.)"
  •     The book of Raphaelle Branche, Fabrice Virgili: "Rape in Wartime (Genders and Sexualities in History)"
  •     БезФорматаРу "Хоть бы скорей газетку прочесть"
  •     Все лечится "10 миллионов изнасилованных немок"
  •     Симха "Еврейский Марк Твен. Так называли Шолома Рабиновича, известного как Шолом-Алейхем"
  •     Annales: Nathalie Moine "La perte, le don, le butin. Civilisation stalinienne, aide étrangère et biens trophées dans l’Union soviétique des années 1940"
  •     Das Buch von Beata Halicka "Polens Wilder Westen. Erzwungene Migration und die kulturelle Aneignung des Oderraums 1945 - 1948"
  •     Das Buch von Jan M. Piskorski "Die Verjagten: Flucht und Vertreibung im Europa des 20. Jahrhundert"
  •     Уроки истории. ХХ век. Гефтер. "Антисемитизм в СССР во время Второй мировой войны в контексте холокоста"
  •     Ella Janatovsky "The Crystallization of National Identity in Times of War: The Experience of a Soviet Jewish Soldier"
  •     Всеукраинский еженедельник Украина-Центр "Рукописи не горят"
  •     Ljudbok / Bok / eBok: Niclas Sennerteg "Nionde arméns undergång: Kampen om Berlin 1945"
  •     Das Buch von Michaela Kipp: "Großreinemachen im Osten: Feindbilder in deutschen Feldpostbriefen im Zweiten Weltkrieg"
  •     Петербургская газета "Женщины на службе в Третьем Рейхе"
  •     Володимир Поліщук "Зроблено в Єлисаветграді"
  •     Германо-российский музей Берлин-Карлсхорст. Каталог постоянной экспозиции / Katalog zur Dauerausstellung
  •     Clarissa Schnabel "The life and times of Marta Dietschy-Hillers"
  •     Еврейский музей и центр толерантности. Группа по работе с архивными документами
  •     Эхо Москвы "ЦЕНА ПОБЕДЫ: Военный дневник лейтенанта Владимира Гельфанда"
  •     Bok / eBok: Anders Bergman & Emelie Perland "365 dagar: Utdrag ur kända och okända dagböcker"
  •     РИА Новости "Освободители Германии"
  •     Das Buch von Jan M. Piskorski "Die Verjagten: Flucht und Vertreibung im Europa des 20. Jahrhundert"
  •     Das Buch von Miriam Gebhardt "Als die Soldaten kamen: Die Vergewaltigung deutscher Frauen am Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs"
  •     Petra Tabarelli "Vladimir Gelfand"
  •     Das Buch von Martin Stein "Die sowjetische Kriegspropaganda 1941 - 1945 in Ego-Dokumenten"
  •     The German Quarterly "Philomela’s Legacy: Rape, the Second World War, and the Ethics of Reading"
  •     Deutsches Historisches Museum "1945 – Niederlage. Befreiung. Neuanfang. Zwölf Länder Europas nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg"
  •     День за днем "Дневник лейтенанта Гельфанда"
  •     BBC News "The rape of Berlin" / BBC Mundo / BBC O`zbek / BBC Brasil / BBC فارْسِى "تجاوز در برلین" 
  •     Echo24.cz "Z deníku rudoarmějce: Probodneme je skrz genitálie"
  •     The Telegraph "The truth behind The Rape of Berlin"
  •     BBC World Service "The Rape of Berlin"
  •     ParlamentniListy.cz "Mrzačení, znásilňování, to všechno jsme dělali. Český server připomíná drsné paměti sovětského vojáka"
  •     WordPress.com "Termina a Batalha de Berlim"
  •     Dnevnik.hr "Podignula je suknju i kazala mi: 'Spavaj sa mnom. Čini što želiš! Ali samo ti"
  •     ilPOST "Gli stupri in Germania, 70 anni fa"
  •     上海东方报业有限公司 70年前苏军强奸了十万柏林妇女?很多人仍在寻找真相
  •     연합뉴스 "BBC: 러시아군, 2차대전때 독일에서 대규모 강간"
  •     Telegraf "SPOMENIK RUSKOM SILOVATELJU: Nemci bi da preimenuju istorijsko zdanje u Berlinu?"
  •    Múlt-kor "A berlini asszonyok küzdelme a szovjet erőszaktevők ellen
  •     Noticiasbit.com "El drama oculto de las violaciones masivas durante la caída de Berlín"
  •     Museumsportal Berlin "Landsberger Allee 563, 21. April 1945"
  •     Caldeirão Político "70 anos após fim da guerra, estupro coletivo de alemãs ainda é episódio pouco conhecido"
  •     Nuestras Charlas Nocturnas "70 aniversario del fin de la II Guerra Mundial: del horror nazi al terror rojo en Alemania"
  •     W Radio "El drama oculto de las violaciones masivas durante la caída de Berlín"
  •     La Tercera "BBC: El drama oculto de las violaciones masivas durante la caída de Berlín"
  •     Noticias de Paraguay "El drama de las alemanas violadas por tropas soviéticas hacia el final de la Segunda Guerra Mundial"
  •     Cnn Hit New "The drama hidden mass rape during the fall of Berlin"
  •     Dân Luận "Trần Lê - Hồng quân, nỗi kinh hoàng của phụ nữ Berlin 1945"
  •     Český rozhlas "Temná stránka sovětského vítězství: znásilňování Němek"
  •     Historia "Cerita Kelam Perempuan Jerman Setelah Nazi Kalah Perang"
  •     G'Le Monde "Nỗi kinh hoàng của phụ nữ Berlin năm 1945 mang tên Hồng Quân"
  •     Эхо Москвы "Дилетанты. Красная армия в Европе"
  •     Der Freitag "Eine Schnappschussidee"
  •     باز آفريني واقعيت ها  "تجاوز در برلین"
  •     Quadriculado "O Fim da Guerra e o início do Pesadelo. Duas narrativas sobre o inferno"
  •     Majano Gossip "PER NON DIMENTICARE…….. LE PORCHERIE COMUNISTE !!!!!"
  •     Русская Германия "Я прижал бедную маму к своему сердцу и долго утешал"
  •     The book of Nicholas Stargardt "The German War: A Nation Under Arms, 1939–45"
  •     "Владимир Гельфанд. Дневник 1941 - 1946"
  •     BBC Русская служба "Изнасилование Берлина: неизвестная история войны"BBC Україна "Зґвалтування Берліна: невідома історія війни"
  •     Гефтер "Олег Будницкий: «Дневник, приятель дорогой!» Военный дневник Владимира Гельфанда"
  •     Гефтер "Владимир Гельфанд. Дневник 1942 года
  •     BBC Tiếng Việt "Lính Liên Xô 'hãm hiếp phụ nữ Đức'"
  •     Эхо Москвы "ЦЕНА ПОБЕДЫ: Дневники лейтенанта Гельфанда"
  •     Renato Furtado "Soviéticos estupraram 2 milhões de mulheres alemãs, durante a Guerra Mundial"
  •     Вера Дубина "«Обыкновенная история» Второй мировой войны: дискурсы сексуального насилия над женщинами оккупированных территорий"  
  •     Еврейский музей и центр толерантности "Презентация книги Владимира Гельфанда «Дневник 1941-1946»" 
  •     Еврейский музей и центр толерантности "Евреи в Великой Отечественной войне"  
  •     Сидякин & Би-Би-Си. Драма в трех действиях. "Атака"
  •     Сидякин & Би-Би-Си. Драма в трех действиях. "Бой"
  •     Сидякин & Би-Би-Си. Драма в трех действиях. "Победа"
  •     Сидякин & Би-Би-Си. Драма в трех действиях. Эпилог
  •     Труд "Покорность и отвага: кто кого?"
  •     Издательский Дом «Новый Взгляд» "Выставка подвига"
  •     Katalog NT "Выставка "Евреи в Великой Отечественной войне " - собрание уникальных документов"
  •     Вести "Выставка "Евреи в Великой Отечественной войне" - собрание уникальных документов"
  •     Радио Свобода "Бесценный графоман"
  •     Вечерняя Москва "Еще раз о войне"
  •     РИА Новости "Выставка про евреев во время ВОВ открывается в Еврейском музее"
  •     Телеканал «Культура» "Евреи в Великой Отечественной войне" проходит в Москве"
  •     Россия HD "Вести в 20.00"
  •     GORSKIE "В Москве открылась выставка "Евреи в Великой Отечественной войне"
  •     Aгентство еврейских новостей "Евреи – герои войны"
  •     STMEGI TV "Открытие выставки "Евреи в Великой Отечественной войне"
  •     Национальный исследовательский университет Высшая школа экономики "Открытие выставки "Евреи в Великой Отечественной войне"
  •     Независимая газета "Война Абрама"
  •     Revista de Historia "El lado oscuro de la victoria aliada en la Segunda Guerra Mundial"
  •     Лехаим "Война Абрама"
  •     Libertad USA "El drama de las alemanas: violadas por tropas soviéticas en 1945 y violadas por inmigrantes musulmanes en 2016"
  •     НГ Ex Libris "Пять книг недели"
  •     Брестский Курьер "Фамильное древо Бреста. На перекрестках тех дорог…"
  •     Полит.Ру "ProScience: Олег Будницкий о народной истории войны"
  •     Олена Проскура "Запiзнiла сповiдь"
  •     Полит.Ру "ProScience: Возможна ли научная история Великой Отечественной войны?"
  •     Книга "Владимир Гельфанд. Дневник 1941 - 1946"
  •     Ahlul Bait Nabi Saw "Kisah Kelam Perempuan Jerman Setelah Nazi Kalah Perang"
  •     北京北晚新视觉传媒有限公司 "70年前苏军强奸了十万柏林妇女?"
  •     Преподавание истории в школе "«О том, что происходило…» Дневник Владимира Гельфанда"
  •     Вестник НГПУ "О «НЕУБЕДИТЕЛЬНЕЙШЕЙ» ИЗ ПОМЕТ: (Высокая лексика в толковых словарях русского языка XX-XXI вв.)"
  •     Archäologisches Landesmuseum Brandenburg "Zwischen Krieg und Frieden" / "Между войной и миром"
  •     Российская газета "Там, где кончается война"
  •     Народный Корреспондент "Женщины освобождённой Европы глазами советских солдат: правда про "2 миллиона изнасилованых немок"
  •     Fiona "Военные изнасилования — преступления против жизни и личности"
  •     军情观察室 "苏军攻克柏林后暴行妇女遭殃,战争中的强奸现象为什么频发?"
  •     Независимая газета "Дневник минометчика"
  •     Независимая газета "ИСПОДЛОБЬЯ: Кризис концепции"
  •     Olhar Atual "A Esquerda a história e o estupro"
  •     The book of Stefan-Ludwig Hoffmann, Sandrine Kott, Peter Romijn, Olivier Wieviorka "Seeking Peace in the Wake of War: Europe, 1943-1947"
  •     Steemit "Berlin Rape: The Hidden History of War"
  •     Estudo Prático "Crimes de estupro na Segunda Guerra Mundial e dentro do exército americano"
  •     Громадське радіо "Насильство над жінками під час бойових дій — табу для України"
  •     InfoRadio RBB "Geschichte in den Wäldern Brandenburgs"
  •     Hans-Jürgen Beier gewidmet "Lehren – Sammeln – Publizieren"
  •     Русский вестник "Искажение истории: «Изнасилованная Германия»"
  •     Vix "Estupro de guerra: o que acontece com mulheres em zonas de conflito, como Aleppo?
  •     El Nuevo Accion "QUE LE PREGUNTEN A LAS ALEMANAS VIOLADAS POR RUSOS, NORTEAMERICANOS, INGLESES Y FRANCESES"
  •     Periodismo Libre "QUE LE PREGUNTEN A LAS ALEMANAS VIOLADAS POR RUSOS, NORTEAMERICANOS, INGLESES Y FRANCESES"
  •     DE Y.OBIDIN "Какими видели европейских женщин советские солдаты и офицеры (1944-1945 годы)?"
  •     NewConcepts Society "Можно ли ставить знак равенства между зверствами гитлеровцев и зверствами советских солдат?"
  •     搜狐 "二战时期欧洲,战胜国对战败国的妇女是怎么处理的"
  •     Эхо Москвы "Дилетанты. Начало войны. Личные источники"
  •     Журнал "Огонёк" "Эго прошедшей войны"
  •     Уроки истории. XX век "Книжный дайджест «Уроков истории»: советский антисемитизм"



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